Thinkers IAS

January, 2017 : Gist/Summary of PIB (Press information bureau) for UPSC IAS : Environment and Agriculture

FOUR NEW SCHEMES FOR DAIRY SECTOR:
a) PASHUDHAN SANJIVANI :
 An animal Wellness Programme; encompassing provision of Animal Health cards (‘Nakul Swasthya Patra’) along with UID identification of animals in milk and a National Data Base.
 Under the scheme 8.5 crore animals in milk will be identified using UID and their data will uploaded in the INAPH data base.
 This will play crucial role in control of spread of animal diseases. This will also lead to increase in trade of livestock and livestock products.
b) ADVANCED BREEDING TECHNOLOGY:

 Assisted Reproductive Technique to improve availability of disease free female bovines through of sex sorted semen technology.
 Under the scheme 50 embryo transfer technology labs and In Vitro Fertilization labs care will be established.
 This will lead to exponential increase in milk production and productivity of animals in an exponential manner.
c) NATIONAL BOVINE GENOMIC CENTER FOR INDIGENOUS BREEDS(NBGC-IB):
 In order to increase milk production and productivity of indigenous cattle, a National Bovine Genomic Centre will be established in the country.
 By using genomic selection indigenous breeds can be made viable within few generations.
 This center will play crucial role in identification of disease free High genetic merit bulls.
d) E-PASHUDHAN HAAT PORTAL:
 At present there is no authentic market for bovine germplasm in the form of semen, embryos, male & female calves; heifers and adult bovines.

Farmers depend on middlemen for sale and purchase of quality germplasm.
 Breed wise information on availability of bovine germplasm is not available which is essential for promotion of indigenous bovine breeds.

Solution
 portal will play important role in connecting breeders and farmers of indigenous breeds.
 Through this portal farmers will be aware about breed wise information on indigenous breeds.
Farmers/breeders can sale animals of indigenous breeds through this portal.
Information on all forms of germplasm has been uploaded on the portal. Immediately farmers can obtain benefits of the portal.
 This portal will give new dimensions to development and conservation of indigenous breeds as at present information on availability of germplasm of indigenous breeds is not available with the farmers.

 

ATTRACTING STUDENTS, YOUTH TOWARDS AGRICULTURE AND IMPROVING THE SCIENTISTS – FARMERS INTERFACE:

  Attracting and Retaining Youth in Agriculture (ARYA):

The ARYA project will attract and empower the Youth in Rural Areas to take up various Agri-enterprises in Agriculture, allied and service sector for sustainable income and gainful employment.

The project is running in 25 districts of 25 States through KVKs.

 

  FARMER FIRST:

The Farmer FIRST aims at enriching Farmers –Scientist interface, technology assemblage, application and feedback, partnership and institutional building and content mobilization.

  1. It will provide a platform to farmers and scientists for creating linkages,
  2. capacity building,
  3. technology adaptation and application,
  4. on-site input management,
  5. feedback and
  6. institution building.
  7. The scientists from 100 ICAR Institutes/ Universities are proposed to work with one lakh farmers directly

SPECIAL INITIATIVES:

  Four new ICAR Awards in two years:  ICAR Administrative award, Haldhar Organic Farmer Award, Pandit Deendayal Antyodaya Krishi Puruskar and Pandit Deendayal Rashtriya Krishi Vigyan Protsahan Puruskar.

  Pandit Deendayal Unnat Krishi Shiksha Yojana has been started in the year 2016 by way of 130 training programmes on organic farming/natural farming and cow based economy in 32 SAUs of the country.

  Rashtriya Krishi Shiksha Divas is being celebrated on 3rd December in remembrance of country’s first Agriculture Minister Dr. Rajendra Prasad.  

  Jai Kisan-Jai Vigyan Week is being celebrated since the year 2015 across the entire country during 23rd to 29th December, on the occasion of birth anniversaries of Ch. Charan Singh and Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

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ThinkersIAS, 2016